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Platelets: What Are They and Why Do They Matter?

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What Causes Platelets To Reshape Themselves?

Platelets, the tiniest of our blood cells, can only be seen through a microscope. In their active state, they appear as little plaques. When a blood vessel is injured, it sends a signal. Platelets respond to this signal by moving to this location and creating their “asset.” Platelets lengthen their empire to make touch with the damaged blood artery, resembling a spider or an octopus

What Is A Normal Platelet Count?

Thrombocytosis is defines as having more than 450,000 platelets; thrombocytopenia is defined as having less than 150,000 platelets. Your platelet count is determined by a simple blood test called a complete blood count (CFC). Letters combine when they detect circulating cells and damaged blood vessels in our blood,” said Mary Williams, M.D., director of the coronary care unit at Johns Hopkins Bayou Medical Center. For example, when you have an incision, the platelets stick to the damaged vessel’s area, causing the blood to clot. They have an evolutionary reason to stay there. It keeps us from bleeding.

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What It Means To Have A Large Number Of Platelets

Thrombocytosis is the medical word for having too many platelets, and there are two types:

  • Primary or severe thrombocytosis is caused by aberrant cells in the bone marrow that cause platelets to proliferate for unexplained reasons.
  • Secondary thrombocytosis is identical to primary thrombocytosis, except it is caused by a long-term illness or condition, such as anemia, malignancy, inflammation, or infection.

There are signs and symptoms, including short blood clots in the arms and legs, leading to a heart attack or stroke if not addressed. In extreme situations, the patient may need to undergo platelet paresis surgery. It lowers platelet count by withdrawing blood, separating platelets, and returning red blood cells to the body.

Symptoms of secondary thrombocytosis are generally linking to the illness. If you have an infection or anemia, for example, you will be treates for these conditions, and your platelet count will fall as a result.

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What It Means To Have A Small Number Of Platelets

Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which your platelet is insufficient. Easy bruising and bleeding from the gums, nose, and gastrointestinal tract are common symptoms. When anything prevents your body from producing platelets, your platelet count drops. It might be attributes to a variety of causes, such as:

  • Medications
  • Inheritance condition
  • Certain forms of cancer, such as leukemia or lymphoma
  • Cancer chemotherapy treatment
  • Kidney infection or malfunction

The Relationship Between Platelets And Cardiovascular Disease

If you have more platelets, you’re more likely to freeze. Platelet function, however, is frequently associates with a higher cardiovascular risk than platelet count. For example, you could have a healthy amount of platelets, but if they’re all increased at the same time, you’re more likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke.

Keep track of your platelets

. Platelet disorders such as too many, too few, or incorrectly functioning platelet, as well as related illnesses such as blood clots, strokes, and heart attacks, can be hand down the generations. When there is a familial link, it is a good idea to notify your doctor.

Even if you feel better, your doctor may want to evaluate your platelet function to see whether you need medication,” Williams said. Aspirin is the most often use blood thinner, but new research suggests that women under 65 do not benefit as much from it as men do. Currently, there is no definitive remedy.

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